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屡获殊荣的全面战略,以指导波士顿市更具弹性的未来

气候准备波士顿

客户
波士顿市
Location
Boston, MA
尺寸
90平方英里
团队
Arcadis,Hr&A,马萨诸塞大学波士顿
服务
景观建筑
规划和城市设计
状态
完成2016年
奖项
American Planning Association, National Planning Achievement Award for Resilience — Gold

气候准备波士顿是一种创造更强大,更具弹性的城市的路线图。专注于沿海和河流的洪水,雨水洪水和极端温度,该计划确定了减轻未来环境的策略。重要的是,战略寻找适合康复投资的机会,以多效益解决危险缓解,并更广泛地促进城市生活质量。通过这种方式,弹性成为推进社会公平,促进经济发展的工具,提高健康生活和进入绿地的机会。

Historically, the story of Boston has been tied to a changing coastline. In Boston’s early years, land fill projects expanded the city outward, creating new land for expanding neighborhoods and commercial areas. Now, with rising seas, the coastline—and flood risk—is changing course and migrating inland. Water, however, isn’t the only risk. Extreme temperatures and heat waves pose significant increasing threats for public health, especially for youth, older residents, and others with preexisting health conditions that make them especially vulnerable to heat.

气候准备波士顿是一个倡议计划如何在适应长期气候变化的同时继续茁壮成长。它有三个主要组成部分:气候项目共识(由波士顿研究咨询小组完成),脆弱性评估和弹性举措。Arcadis,Sasaki,HR&A顾问的跨学科团队,并于Massachusetts Boston大学于2016年12月完成了该报告。

在最新的科学预测上,脆弱性评估分析了波士顿的人民,建筑,基础设施和经济如何受到气候危害的影响。分析地图危害危害和量化极端热量,雨水洪水,海平面上升和沿海和河流洪水的风险。没有行动,越来越多的居民,企业,建筑物和基础设施系统将暴露于洪水。For example, by the 2070s, annualized losses from coastal and riverine flooding could amount to $1.4 billion, and exposure to flooding in a 1% annual chance flood (a severe event) could include 14% of Boston’s population (88,000 people), 10% of the city’s K-12 schools, 32 MBTA stations, 240 essential public facilities (law enforcement stations, fire stations, and EMS), and sections of many evacuation routes. In addition, more days of extreme heat—up to 90 days a year about 90 degrees—will pose significant health risks. Mortality rates due to extreme heat are expected to triple with the impacts of climate change in Boston. Sasaki examined the impacts these environmental shocks and stresses could have on vulnerable populations in the city.

更广泛地,Sasaki开发了气候准备波士顿图形品牌和身份。颜色选择,项目标识和整体图形样式专注于设置乐观,充满希望的语调,加强需要将气候适应视为更好的城市的更广泛的机遇。Sasaki设计了项目地图和图表,专注于清楚地向广泛的受众传达复杂的想法。

Addressing the risks identified in the vulnerability assessment, the resilience initiatives include policy, planning, programmatic, and financial strategies that work together to increase Boston’s resilience. Addressing the multiple scales and layers of resilience, the resilience initiatives focus on prepared and connected communities, protected shores, resilient infrastructure, and adapted buildings. Strategies include leveraging climate adaptation as a tool for equitable economic development, expanding education and engagement of Bostonians on climate hazards and action, and expanding the use of green infrastructure and other natural systems to manage stormwater and mitigate heat. An overarching goal is to ensure investments in reducing risk will also be contributing to higher quality of life in the city—especially for its most vulnerable residents.

气候准备波士顿is led by the City of Boston in partnership with the Green Ribbon Commission and with support from the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management. The Climate Ready Boston report is available on thecity’s website

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